Cat litter: types and properties

The first filler appeared only in 1947, and after a short time became the indispensable assistant of almost every cat owner. A variety of materials, methods of use, economically attractive prices and the general availability of the filler undoubtedly facilitate the maintenance of pets.
First of all, when choosing a filler should take into account the addiction of a cat. Careful observation of the behavior of the pet will help to understand whether she likes the new toilet. If you ignore this moment, the owner may be in an unpleasant situation: the cat, stubborn, refuses to use the tray, considering the rug or flower pot more attractive.
The safety of raw materials also affects choice. An unintentional kitten can eat deliciously smelling granules. Dust flying when digging enters the lungs. Flavored and / or siligakel filler can cause allergies in both the cat and the owner. Priority should be given to goods whose packaging says: “environmentally friendly product”, “without additives”, “have not been chemically treated”, “safe to swallow”.
Another important point is the price. There are a huge number of fillers at bargain prices. However, as a rule, cheap products do not differ in quality: the filler has to be changed after each visit to the toilet, which increases the consumption of material. High-quality expensive fillers do not require daily replacement.
By properties, fillers are divided into absorbent and clumping. The first include adsorbent granules that absorb moisture without changing shape. The advantage of such a filler is that it needs to be changed only once a week, if enough granules are poured into the tray (about 5-8 cm, indicated on the package). Clumping filler requires a constant, but partial replacement: the granules, having absorbed moisture, form a dense lump, which is easy to remove with a scoop. Low-quality clumping fillers poorly "hold their shape", sagging and spreading over the tank.
Fillers are made from various materials, each of which has its pros and cons. Some fillers can be mixed, as indicated on the package. The size of the granules depends on the preferences of the cat, but in most cases does not play a special role. However, for long-haired cats, large granules are more suitable, since they cling less to the coat.
A novelty of the zoo industry is a biological filler of wool, grain husks, ears of corn or paper. Safe environmentally friendly product, can be thrown into the sewer, inexpensive. Cons: lightweight, scatters around the apartment, sometimes stains paws and sticks to long hair.
Wood filler is a bit more expensive, but no less harmless. Pellets consist of pressed wood shavings, absorb moisture well, do not spread around the house, do not stick to paws and wool, smell pleasantly of “wood”. Cons: in large quantities, you can not throw it into the sewer, it does not hold the smell of mature animals badly. For kittens and neutered animals, it suits perfectly, as their urine does not have a pungent odor.
Mineral fillers are made from various grades of clay, sometimes with the addition of other natural materials. There are both absorbent and crumple. Today it is the most popular type of filler. Relatively inexpensive natural material that perfectly retains moisture and odors. Like most cats. High-quality clay fillers do not dust, do not stick to paws and wool. Cons: can not be thrown into the sewer, sometimes the cat leaves white traces on the floor after visiting the tray.
Silica gel filler consists of granules that have a very high absorbency. Moisture is removed from silicate gel (silicic acid salt) and ground to form granules. In some cases, chemical treatment is applied to increase adsorption. Pros: aesthetic appearance (light crystals suggest cleanliness and freshness), granules keep their shape perfectly and do not stain the tray, retain moisture well (almost 100% of their weight) and block odor, do not require frequent replacement. Cons: high cost, may be harmful if swallowed. In addition, some cats do not like silicate filler for a kind of crunch while using the tray.
The indicator filler is the same silica gel granules, but impregnated with cobalt salts. The primary shade changes as the granule fills with moisture - a signal that it is time to change the filler.
When buying a filler for the first time, you should not choose a large package. It is wiser to purchase a small package to make sure the quality of the raw materials and check whether the novelty will like the pet.

Watch the video: Interesting facts about Cats. Educational Video for Kids. (April 2020).