History claims that cats spread throughout the territory of the Russian Federation simultaneously with the settlement of the territories by tribes. Only towards the end of the 20th century, purposeful work began on breeding cat breeds, disputes about the affiliation of some species of breeds to Russian breeding are still ongoing.
Russian cat breeds
- Russian blue;
- Neva Masquerade;
- Don Sphinx;
- St. Petersburg Sphinx;
- Kurilian Bobtail;
- Ural Rex;
- Altai blue-eyed;
As a basis for breeding, “rootless” cats were always taken; some individuals crossed with wild feline species, which was reflected in their appearance and character.
An important feature of Russian cat breeds is also their short pedigree (with the exception of the Siberian one). Finding a cat with a history of more than four generations is quite difficult, for this reason some cat breeds are not considered "preserved".
Very often thoroughbred kittens are sold without documents, as a result there is a great risk of buying an outbred specimen. When buying a thoroughbred animal, you must always ask for documents and a pedigree.
Russian blue cat
This breed is considered one of the most famous and beloved in the world. Its main value lies in the lack of participation of breeders in its breeding, a person only supported the population. According to legend, a few centuries ago, Russian English sailors staying in the port of Arkhangelsk took with them as a souvenir on board cats with a unique gray-blue shade of wool.
The coat is short, thick, the shade is always the same - gray-blue, slightly flickering, the character is soft and calm, the kittens are affectionate, playful, sometimes cats can show their own will and stubbornness.
Prices range from 8-35 thousand rubles.
The Russian cat breed was born in Siberian forests as a result of crossbreeding of domestic breeds with wild steppe. Siberian cats are distinguished by a strong physique and a dense dense fur coat; due to these two factors, individuals look like real giants.
The weight of an adult animal can reach 12 kg, the size of cats is somewhat smaller, but they still remain quite strong, while the cats are harmoniously folded.
The main feature of the breed is wool, it is long, the undercoat is short, dense and thick, perfectly protecting the individual from the cold. Mandatory attributes of the breed are thick pants and a collar, hair between fingers, tassels on the ears, Siberian cats are distinguished by self-sufficiency, intelligence, strong and bright character.
Siberian kitten can be bought for 10 thousand rubles.
The Neva Masquerade is considered to be a descendant of a Siberian cat, the name appeared due to the unusual color of the muzzle, as if wearing a carnival mask.
A non-standard color-point shade of wool with bright eyes is also considered an advantage of the breed. Neva cats are very affectionate and sensitive, occupy their position among their favorite pets.
The cost starts from 2 thousand rubles. for a kitten without a pedigree and ends 25 thousand rubles.
A resident of Rostov-on-Don was beaten off by the first Don Sphynx kitten with a bald back in children on the street, the first offspring of Varvara's cat was also hairless, which gave grounds for breeding a new breed. As a result of further breeding, another sphinx line appeared that was not related to the Canadian.
Representatives of this breed at first glance are very reminiscent of foreign colleagues, but a professional breeder or an experienced amateur will immediately notice the differences due to a different set of genes.
Kittens can be born completely bald, covered with short fluff or dense thick hair. The body structure is also lighter compared to Canadians, this breed is distinguished by a different cut of eyes and other trifles, this is a real Russian breed, which has earned worldwide recognition.
A kitten can be purchased for 9-30 thousand rubles.
The St. Petersburg sphinxes are considered to be the descendants of the Don Sphinxes - Peterbolds; when they were bred, they were crossed with oriental cats. Wool may be absent altogether or some species may be present, including brush, velor, flock.
Petersburgers are smart animals with a good character, they are active and intelligent, they love their owners very much. Such cats will never conflict with people, I will find an approach to other pets, will be patient with the obsessive attention of children.
The average pet price is 15 thousand rubles.
The Kurilian Bobtail also belongs to the indigenous category, the Kuril Islands are considered its homeland. The breed gained wide popularity in the eighties, when felinologists began to visit Russia. They were delighted with the cat, looking like a wild lynx in miniature.
The animal is characterized by wild blood and the character of a hunter, it is tenderly attached to the owner, very fond of games. Her appearance is really wild, massive individual with an arched back, short tail, tassels on the ears, breeders recognize shorthair and long-haired types of cats, the cost of a kitten varies from 8-15 thousand rubles.
Tales of curly cats living in the Ural countryside turned out to be unexpectedly true, it appeared as a result of a mutation. Such cats look like regular short-haired cats, but with "astrakhan" hair, this factor determines the animal's affiliation with the breed, other features like eye color or coat are not very important.
You can buy a kitten for 2.5-5 thousand rubles.
Blue-eyed cats are not very common, but they are found, they all belong to the group of orientals. In other cases, blue eyes are considered an accidental genetic mutation, but in the Altai Territory a whole group of cats with this eye color was found, this sign is consistently transmitted from generation to generation.
The main feature of the breed is blue eyes, otherwise the cat may look like a strong, healthy, short-haired cat. It is worth noting that almost simultaneously in the USA, breeding of blue-eyed mutant individuals began, the breeders gave them the name "ochos azules".
The average cost of the Altai blue-eye is 50-60 thousand rubles.
The hybrid breed was bred in a natural way, all the best came from the Amur leopard and ordinary domestic animals. The breed does not differ in large numbers, but has already managed to gain popularity, breeders continue to work on its stabilization and preservation. Due to the small population, the price is set on an individual basis, an average of 50 thousand rubles.